California Sexual Assault Penalties
Prosecutors, judges and the public take sex crimes very seriously, and a conviction could destroy your reputation and your life. Not only will future employers and landlords be able to view this information, but it may also be seen by family, neighbors, friends, or colleagues.
The punishments for a sex crime in California can include:
- Sex offender registration
- Excessive fines and/or fees
- Loss of your right to own a firearm
- Forfeiture of assets
- Immigration consequences
Sex Offender Registration
Under California law, if you are convicted of certain sex crimes, you are required to put yourself on a public list of sex offenders that is made available to the public. Currently, California requires that an offender be registered for life, regardless of which type of sexual offense the individual was convicted of.
However, a new bill was signed into law in 2017 that will take effect in January 2021, which designates three tiers of registration requirements based on the severity of the crime committed. Under the new law, less severe sexual crimes in Tier 1 will only require 10 years of registration (5 for minors), Tier 2 will require 20 years (10 for minors), and only Tier 3 will require lifetime registration.
Being registered as a sex offender typically prohibits you from being able to live near a school or other place where children gather, and can negatively affect your ability to gain certain forms of employment.